Pajamas or pyjamas, typically shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can confer with quite a few associated varieties of garments originating with the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are unfastened-fitting clothes derived from the original garment and worn chiefly for sleeping, but occasionally also for lounging, also by equally sexes.[three] Additional frequently, pajamas might consult with many clothes, for both equally daywear and nightwear, derived from regular pajamas and involving variants of favor and substance.
The term pyjama [four] was borrowed c. 1800 with the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), by itself borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'. The original pyjāmā are loose, lightweight trousers fitted with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans throughout East India Organization rule in India.
The throughout the world utilization of pajamas (the word as well as the garment) is the result of adoption by British colonists in India within the 18th and 19th centuries, and also the British impact on the broader Western environment in the Victorian period. Pajamas were launched to England as "lounging attire" as early as the seventeenth century, then referred to as mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) but they before long fell outside of vogue. The phrase pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the primary fifty percent in the nineteenth century. They did not turn into a vogue in Britain plus the Western planet as sleeping attire for guys until eventually the Victorian period of time, from about 1870.
Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Words and Phrases (1886) summarizes the point out of utilization at time (s.v. "pyjammas"):
Such a garment is employed by several people in India e.g. by Females of various lessons, by Sikh Adult men, and most by Mohammedans of both sexes. It absolutely was adopted with the Mohammedans by Europeans as an posting of dishabille and of night time attire, and is synonymous with Very long Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It truly is probable that we English took the pattern just like a great many Some others through the Portuguese. Therefore Pyrard (c. 1610) suggests, in speaking of Goa Hospital: "Ils ont pressure calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The word has become used in London outlets. A buddy furnishes the following reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Avenue, some on 40 decades in the past, in reply to a question why pyjammas experienced feet sewn on to them (as was from time to time the case with pidzame Those people furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I feel, Sir, it is as a result of White Ants."
Standard pajamas encompass a jacket-and-pants blend manufactured from tender material, which include flannel or lightweight cotton.[eleven] The jacket component ordinarily includes a placket entrance and its sleeves have no cuffs.[twelve] Lots of people prefer to sleep or lounge in only the pajama trousers, either that has a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. Because of this, pajama trousers for guys and boys are frequently bought as separates.
In colloquial speech, these conventional pajamas in many cases are known as PJs, jim jams, or jammies.[thirteen] In South Asia and South Africa, they are occasionally known as evening satisfies.
Some pajamas function a fall seat (generally known as a trap doorway or butt flap): a buttoned opening in the seat, created to enable the wearer to conveniently use a bathroom. Fall seats were very common on pajamas designed before the nineteen fifties, but while in the early 20-initial century They can be rather uncommon.
Present-day pajamas are derived from conventional pajamas. There are several variants in fashion for example shorter sleeve pajamas, pajama bottoms of various size,[sixteen] or, on occasion, a single-piece pajamas, and pajamas incorporating several products. Chiefly inside the US, stretch-knit snooze clothing with rib-knit trimmings are popular. Usually worn by youngsters, these clothes generally have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if a person-piece), and may also be footed.
Even though pajamas are generally distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping clothes for instance nightgowns, during the US, they have occasionally incorporated the latter like a prime. Babydoll pyjamas Use a form of shorter costume major over shorts or short pants.[eighteen]
Pajamas may today make reference to Ladies's mixture daywear, especially in the US exactly where they became well-liked inside the early twentieth century, consisting of quick-sleeved or sleeveless blouses pidzame and lightweight pants. Examples of these include capri pajamas, beach pajamas, and hostess pajamas.